Drummers often wore walrus intestine parkas for protection from evil spirits and to ensure they are able to see their way when going on shamanistic journeys. These drummers are Aleut from Umnak Island.W.I. Jochelson, 1910MAE
Drummers often wore walrus intestine parkas for protection from evil spirits and to ensure they are able to see their way when going on shamanistic journeys. These drummers are Aleut from Umnak Island.
W.I. Jochelson, 1910
MAE

Dance

One way to show respect to the spirits is to honour them with dances. Men and women danced using distinct body movements, masks, rattles and elaborately decorated boots, which transformed them into animal spirits. Men danced out hunting scenes and other stories; women danced in unison. On the mountainous slopes of King Island where there was no flat land, women danced by sitting on benches moving only their upper bodies. Drums were used to help re-enact stories created by dancers and to help shamans enter a trance and travel to other worlds. Dance masks transformed individuals into spirits, communicated with the spirit world, and helped re-enact ancient stories or legends.
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