St. Lawrence Island Yupiks wearing labretsLouis Choris, 1823. Anchorage Museum of History of Art
St. Lawrence Island Yupiks wearing labrets
Louis Choris, 1823. Anchorage Museum of History of Art

Early History and Trade

Early History

Beginning about twenty-five thousand years ago, Paleo-Indians traveled between Asia and North America settling along rivers, islands, and coastlines and living in semi-subterranean homes. About ten thousand to four thousand years ago, the predecessors of the Aleut, Alutiiq, Inupiat, Yup'ik, and St. Lawrence Island Yupik arrived. They evolved hundreds of distinct dialects, material cultures and belief systems. Some people continued eastward, following their prey and settling in Arctic Canada and Greenland.
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